Research & design

Landscape architecture theory  |  Sustainable landscape transformations  |  Digital landscape architecture explorations



❶  Landscape architecture theory



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DESIGN AS RESEARCH STRATEGY

Research through design (RTD) is a frequently used concept in the day-to-day practice of education and research in the field of landscape architecture. RTD as a concept usually refers to a research method in which spatial design plays the leading role. The underlying premise is that design is a form of research and involves a culture of thought. This research contributes to the RTD discourse by addressing how spatial design can be applied as a research strategy.  Read more...



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PRINCIPLES OF LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE

Giving shape to the relationship between man and natural landscape is a core task for landscape architecture and involves civil-, agriculture-, nature-, and environmental based techniques as operative instruments. But what is the particular nature of landscape architecture as an independent discipline? The presumption is that the answer can be found in a repertoire of principles of study and practice typical for landscape architecture. Read more...



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CARTOGRAPHIC EXPLORATIONS: THINKING WITH MAPS

Mapping refers to a process rather than a completed product. Mapping entails cartographic exploration, an activity that exploits the agency of maps and map-making to construct and communicating spatial knowledge in a visual way. These cartographic explorations help researchers in landscape architecture to acquire new or latent information, which is the basis for generating spatial knowledge. This research addresses mapping as a tool for exploration, analysis and synthesis in the field of landscape architecture.  Read more...  



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AGENCY OF LANDSCAPE: THE SHAPE OF A WALK

The agency of landscape refers not only to the formal aspects of routing such as the tracing and gradient of the routes, but also to the landscape space as people perceive it. This perceptual space indicates the visual reality, the sensorial experience that emerges only by bodily movement and is affected by topological, physical, social, and psychological conditions. Read more...





❷  Sustainable landscape transformations 



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LANDSCAPE-BASED REGIONAL DESIGN FOR URBAN DEVELOPMENT

Landscape-based regional design is considered an important strategy that shapes the physical form of regions using the landscape as the basic condition. It is a transdisciplinary effort to safeguard sustainable and coherent development, to guide and shape changes which are brought about by socio-economic and environmental processes, and to establish local identity through tangible relationships to a region. This research aims to introduce landscape-based regional design and explores some backgrounds and approaches. Read more...



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ADAPTIVE DESIGN URBAN DELTAS & COASTAL LANDSCAPES

Deltaic and coastal areas are among the most promising regions in the world. At the same time, deltas face extreme vulnerability and multiple threats related to climate change and urbanization with increasing flood risk and loss of ecological and social-cultural values as a result. This research develops and explores spatial design strategies and principles that ensure water safety and inclusive socio-ecological design. Read more...



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DESIGNING RESILIENT HERITAGE LANDSCAPES

Landscape heritage such as historical gardens and designed landscapes, but also estate landscapes, historical villages, and cultural landscapes, face serious challenges such as abundance and shortage of water, spatial fragmentation, loss of biodiversity, urbanization, etc. This research focuses on the development of adaptive design strategies and principles to engage this heritage in future-proof landscape development.  Read more...




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POLDER LANDSCAPES & VERNACULAR WATER SYSTEMS

Polders can be found in coastal and alluvial lowlands all over the world. In these reclaimed areas water levels are artificially controlled so people can live and work there. This often centuries-old interaction between man and water has produced a rich variety of polder landscapes. This research aims to expand the knowledge about and raise awareness of these flood-prone lowland cultural landscapes and their problematic condition of intensive cultivation and habitation, while providing reference points for policy making, planning and design from a landscape architecture perspective. Read more...




❸  Digital landscape architecture 



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GIS-BASED LANDSCAPE DESIGN RESEARCH

Landscape design research is important for cultivating spatial intelligence in landscape architecture. This study explores GIS (geographic information systems) as a tool for landscape design research – investigating landscape designs to understand them as architectonic compositions. The research aims to identify and illustrate the potential role of GIS as a tool in landscape design research, so as to provide insight into the possibilities and limitations of using GIS in this capacity. Read more...



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VISUAL LANDSCAPE RESEARCH

Visual landscape research is an interdisciplinary approach that combines (a) landscape planning, design and management concepts, (b) landscape perception approaches, and (c) Geographic Information Science (GISc)-based methods and techniques. While integrating psychological knowledge of landscape perception, the technical considerations of geomatics, and methodology of landscape architecture and urban planning, it provides a solid basis for visual landscape assessment in cities, parks and rural areas. Read more...



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FIELD INSTRUMENTS FOR DESIGN

This research focuses on the use of field instruments in landscape architecture. 3D Terrestrial laser scanning, point cloud technology, drones, eye tracking devices and other instruments are employed for advanced analysis for design. True-colour 3D laser scan Rosendael Park and Castle (Rozendaal, Netherlands). See more…